With many industries reliant upon farming, how we move forward following Brexit must be executed carefully – or we could be looking at a house of cards.
Facts & figures
- The UK farming industry grew by 10% between 2016 and 2018
- There are 20 million hectares of farmland, working out to 64% of the entire UK
- 447,790 hectares of farmland was replaced by urban developments between 2000 to 2010
- The average British farmer is 59-years-old
- 1 in 8 of the national workforce is employed in food and farming
- The contribution from agriculture and fishing to the economy is £10.7 billion (2014)
- More than half of all UK farm income is derived from European subsidies
- Throughout the UK, there are 3 million sheep; 167.6 million poultry; 4.7 million pigs; 9.9 million cattle (2015)
- The total value of all farmland in Great Britain is £185.7 billion, according to Savills
Brexit could be a make-or-break moment for the farming industry. With the government keen to abolish landowner payments, British farmers must learn how to be competitive in international markets without subsidies.
Farmers will soon be free from the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy; a flawed system that mostly benefits wealthy landowners, large agribusiness and food-manufacturing companies, such as Nestlé and Cadbury.
Post-Brexit, the UK will be able to build a more competitive and equal playing field for British farmers; however, there are still challenges the industry will have to overcome.
Losing some of the EU market – which currently accounts for more than half of the produce farmers export – will be a big blow to British farmers.
Impending free-trade agreements are also likely to bring an increase in cheap food imports; another issue British farmers must compete with.
For some farmers, leaving the EU could have disastrous effects.
Any tariffs that are imposed on importing produce to Europe from the UK will be a big deterrent and will have a knock-on effect on trading, which is worrying when the EU currently imports 40% of UK lamb.
Brexit could also pose challenges to tenants who are farm leasing the land.
Aside from the value of livestock, tenants have no other asset value to fall back on, which could prevent challenges if the current basic support was scrapped. Many farmers are diversifying their business and including other revenue streams, such as operating a boarding kennel or running a campsite.
Licences and permits
England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland will each have their own regulations and license requirements; and each county within those countries will also have different procedures in registering and operating farmland.
Entrepreneurs should get in contact with their local council to find out what licenses and permits apply to your circumstances and location.
Different sectors within the farming industry will require their own, specific permits. For example, if you intend to keep livestock, you will have to register them; whereas if you are an arable farmer, you may have to apply for certain permits which regulate a range of environmental impacts through agricultural emissions.
The position of your farm and the type of land you have will also determine the type of licenses and permits you require.
For example, if you’re operating a large chicken farm that’s near
- Ability to handle animals
- Physical strength to manage livestock
- Proficient in maintaining outbuildings and equipment
- Communication skills
- People management
- Ability to adapt
- Knowledge of new technologies in farming
- Ability to
- Fine-tune cost management strategies
Buying a farm
Farmland values have been rising dramatically over the last decade, Knight Frank’s index of farmland claims that values have risen by 145% over the last 10 years.
The rising price of acreage can make it harder for farms to scale-up their operations, and it can also be a stumbling block for new entrants wanting to break into the farming industry.
When you are buying a farm, you need to consider a lot of factors; do the current outbuildings and acreage suit the type of livestock and farm you are hoping to run?
Does the land/farm business come with property and is this necessary for your business? Is the location good for the type of
You should also consider what type of reputation the current farm business has.
What is the owner’s reason for selling? How strict is the farm’s biosecurity? Is the farm well fenced and protected from wildlife that may pose a threat to your livestock?
There are also other options for entrepreneurs who can’t afford to buy a 30-acre plot with a five-bedroom farmhouse.
Leasing is the most common form of alternative land tenure; this essentially means existing landowners can lease all or part of their land to a leaseholder,
These types of tenures work best in arable farming.
Overall, there are many different routes into the agricultural sector, but entrepreneurs should be prepared for long work days, physically demanding